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Many have heard of a consultant urologist but what does a consultant urologist do?

A consultant urologist is something who treats people suffering from problems and diseases of the urinary tract. They also treat problems associated with the male reproductive system as well as many organs. These organs include the kidneys, prostate, bladder, urethra, testes, penis and the associated glands.

If a patient is suffering from issues that relate to any of these areas, then a urologist can help. They will discuss the problem carry out an examination, run tests and come to a diagnosis.

A urologist has to become a qualified doctor before specialising in this area. Therefore, they have a wide range of skills and knowledge. Some urologists will treat general diseases of the urinary tract. However, there are some that specialise in the following areas:

  • Male infertility – treating problems that can prevent a man from having children
  • Female Urology – focus on treating issues with a female reproductive system and urinary tract
  • Neurourology – dealing with urinary problems that are linked with the nervous system.
  • Urologic oncology – treating cancers associated with the aforementioned organs
  • Paediatric urology – treating urinary issues in children.

What Should You Expect?

It is common for your urologist to have notes from the doctor who referred you. However, they will ask you questions about your problem, your medical history and carry out an examination.

They might also choose to carry out tests. This could include CT Scans, MRI Scans or ultrasound to aid the diagnosis and find the right treatment.

Patients might also undergo some exploratory work. This will involve inserting inside the urinary tract. A urine test can check for bacteria or signs of disease, while a biopsy can check for cancer.

After carrying out all of the relevant tests, patients will then be provided with the correct treatment. Their urologist will also monitor their response to treatment while also identifying other treatments that might be more effective.